NEW YORK (AP) — A bidding war is breaking out over Anadarko Petroleum, with Occidental making an offer that it says is about a 20 percent premium to Chevron's deal announced earlier this month, a rare move not often seen in the U.S. oil industry.
Houston-based Occidental Petroleum Corp. said the proposed combination would bolster its position in the Permian Basin in Texas and New Mexico, where it is already the largest oil producer.
"We have been focused on Anadarko for several years because we have long believed that we are ideally positioned to generate compelling value from a combination with them," Occidental President and CEO Vicki Hollub said in a statement.
Occidental said in a letter to Anadarko's board on Wednesday that its bid is worth $76 per share in cash and stock and would give Anadarko shareholders $38 in cash and 0.6094 shares of Occidental stock for each Anadarko share.
Occidental puts the value of its proposal at $57 billion, including debt and book value of non-controlling interest. Chevron's deal was valued at $33 billion in cash and stock, or $50 billion including debt and book value of non-controlling interest.
Occidental said it is looking to close on the deal during the second half of the year.
In a letter to Anadarko's board of directors, Hollub said Occidental made three proposals to acquire Anadarko since late March, and that each offer was significantly higher than what Anadarko accepted from Chevron. She said Occidental was surprised and disappointed that Anadarko didn't engage with Occidental on a previous proposal.
Chevron, of San Ramon, California, and Anadarko, based in The Woodlands, Texas, did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
It appears Occidental's management team didn't feel that they could negotiate successfully with the Anadarko board and management, so they took their proposal directly to shareholders, said Leo Mariani, managing director and equity research analyst with KeyBanc Capital Markets.
"A lot of the energy executives know each other fairly well, and a lot of them have been at the same helm at the same companies for many years, so as a result, we tend not to see this type of hostile approach in the sector," Mariani said. "It's incredibly rare."
Shares of Anadarko Petroleum Corp. jumped 12 percent to $71.65 in afternoon trading. Occidental slipped 1.2 percent and Chevron shares declined 3 percent.