The current legislative initiatives advocated by Foster Friess and the Wyoming GOP to limit voters’ ability to switch party affiliation is understandable but misguided. The proposed bill in the state Legislature will disenfranchise one-third of Wyoming voters and does not solve Foster’s actual problem. Foster didn’t lose the governor’s race because of crossover voting — he lost because the conservative vote was split four ways, leaving Mark Gordon with the moderate vote all to himself. To solve Foster’s problem and to increase participation in the political process, Wyoming needs a real solution: open primaries and rank choice voting.
I understand why some members of the GOP dislike the current system that allows Democrats to switch affiliations in order to influence the outcome of a primary, and one could argue that these are the spoils that go to the majority party. But that would be anathema to American Democracy. Given the one-party dominance of our state, our “general election” takes place during the primary, and in one-party states the partisan primary process does not function as intended. Regardless of one’s party affiliation, we should all agree that every American deserves to have their vote matter, and few states should appreciate this better than the Equality State, which led the nation in ending the disenfranchisement of women.
I understand this problem well having regularly “crossed over” in the other direction. While I was building my trucking company and living in Massachusetts, I knew that if I wanted any say on who was on my children’s school board, who would decide how my city taxes were spent or who would be my next U.S. senator, every two years I had to become a Democrat for a day. I did it regularly, it upset some of my Democratic friends, and they had a point.
The solution to all is to hold open primaries, followed by rank choice voting — a system that is being increasingly adopted by other states. Under this reform, in the first step all registered voters participate in the primary and the top four candidates advance to the general election, regardless of party affiliation. This serves to comfortably reduce the candidate pool to a manageable number while not eliminating the candidate who would win in the general election.
For example, under this system Mark Gordon, Foster Fries, Harriet Hageman and Mary Throne would have likely advanced to the general election. And yes, with four candidates advancing, in my contest with John Barrasso, I too would have progressed to the general election. But it would not have offered me or any other candidate an advantage, since in the next step, under rank choice voting the candidate with the broadest support always wins.
Next, in the general election voters “rank” their choices by order of preference, and here is where we really solve the GOP and Foster’s problem. Foster was hurt not because of crossover voting but because like-minded conservative candidates split the primary vote among themselves, allowing Gordon to become our governor with only 33 percent of the vote. The same issue occurred in 2016 when Liz Cheney received only 39 percent of the vote.
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Rank choice voting solves this problem. If after counting the votes one candidate receives more than 50 percent of the total votes, then the contest is over. But if no candidate gets a majority, then the candidate with the least number of votes is eliminated. Those who voted for the eliminated candidate then have their vote changed to their second choice.
Let’s say a conservative voter preferred Harriet Hageman, but if they couldn’t elect Harriet, their second choice was Foster. If Harriet came in last place in the general election, instead of that person’s vote for Hageman being wasted and Mark Gordon winning with less than 50 percent of the state’s support, their vote becomes a vote for Foster and the votes are recounted. This process continues until one candidate receives more than 50 percent of the total vote. It works like a series of “run-offs” but happens efficiently all in one night. For a great 39 second video explanation, click here.
Under this process, no voter’s ballot is wasted, like-minded candidates can’t split the vote, all Wyoming voters participate and no one gets elected without the support of the majority — all important issues that the current legislative proposals do nothing to address.
To be clear, I’m not suggesting that under an open primary and rank choice voting Mark Gordon would not have prevailed. Nor do I think it would have changed the outcome in my contest with John Barrasso. What I am saying instead is there would be no question as to which candidates represented the will of Wyoming and no Wyomingite would be cut out of the political process. Whether it be Mark Gordon or Foster Friess as our governor, no one could second-guess whether the candidate best representing Wyoming prevailed.
The current proposals in the Wyoming legislature are blunt instruments intended to create a fair process, but are mathematically flawed. They also have the effect of disenfranchising 30 percent of Wyoming voters — something no American or Wyomingite should favor. Rather than a hasty band-aid, Wyoming families deserve real electoral reform and should follow the trend toward open primaries and rank choice voting.